5. Dark Times
In World War II, between 110,000 and 120,000 people of Japanese ancestry were forced to relocate to and incarcerated in camps in the western interior of United States. This photo shows members of the Mochida family awaiting an evacuation bus. Mr. Mochida operated a nursery and five greenhouses on a two-acre site in California, where he raised snapdragons and sweet peas. The internment is considered to have resulted more from racism than from any security risk posed by Japanese Americans.
4. The Blitz
In the summer and autumn of 1940, Germany’s Luftwaffe conducted thousands of bombing runs, attacking military and civilian targets across the United Kingdom. At first, they bombed only military and industrial targets. But after the Royal Air Force hit Berlin with retaliatory strikes in September, the Germans began bombing British civilian centers. This photo shows the aftermath of one such bombing.
This next photo looks a bit silly at first, but once you learn the story makes sense.
3. Operation Paul Bunyan
On August 18, 1976, U.S. Army officers Arthur Bonifas and Mark Barrett were sent to the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) as part of a work party tasked with trimming a poplar tree in the DMZ that partially blocked the view U.N. observers. They were attacked with axes and killed by the North Koreans, who claimed that the tree was planted by Kim Il-Sung.
Three days later, American and South Korean forces launched Operation Paul Bunyan, an operation that cut down the tree with a show of force to intimidate North Korea into backing down, which it did.
2. The First Skin Graft
Before it was associated with celebrity nips and tucks, plastic surgery was about saving lives. This picture shows the first ever skin graft in 1917, on a British man named Walter Yeo. Yeo was a sailor who had been horribly burned in combat. His nose was shattered, and his eyelids were torn completely off. Using skin from Yeo’s neck and upper chest, his doctor made a mask of skin that he transplanted across Yeo’s face. It helped to repair the damage that had been done, hiding his disfiguration and letting him close his eyes at night once more.
1. Best. Hangover. Ever.
This photograph shows the celebration of victory in World War II in Moscow’s Red Square, in the Soviet Union. Fireworks began on May 9, 1945, followed by bursts of gunfire and a sky illuminated by searchlights. It’s been said that so much vodka was consumed in the ensuing celebration that Moscow ran out for 22 hours.