Fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva is an extremely rare disease. It is caused by a mutation of the body’s repair mechanism, which causes soft tissues (including muscle, tendon, and ligament) to fossilize spontaneously or when damaged. In most cases, injuries can cause joints to become permanently frozen in place. Even surgery won’t help because the body just “repairs” the affected are with more bone. Patients are slowly imprisoned by their own skeletons making them appear stone-like. The disease is sometimes called Stone Man Syndrome.
Filariasis is a parasitic infection caused by an infection with roundworms. The parasites enter the bloodstream through a blood-feeding black flies and mosquitoes. Once the infected insects bite on their host, the worms thrive on the lymphatic system including the lymph nodes. In severe cases, it can lead to elephantiasis which is the severe swelling of the arms, legs, and even genitals.
Trichotillomania or pulling disorder is an impulse control disorder represented by the compulsive urge to pull one’s hair until it leads to hair loss and balding. It is often chronic and difficult to treat. Common areas for hair to be pulled out are the scalp, eyelashes, eyebrows, legs, arms, hands, nose and the pubic areas. The disorder is often not a focused act, but rather hair pulling occurs in a “trance-like” state which is why many patients may not realize they are pulling their hair and patients presenting for diagnosis may deny the criteria for tension prior to hair pulling or a sense of gratification after hair is pulled.
A hemangioma is one of the most common benign tumors of infancy. But sometimes adults can have it too and it can grow huge and disproportionate in size. Just like this man’s condition. It covered and distorted his entire face. It is possible to surgically remove such growths but this man’s condition is just too complicated. Fortunately for him, there are still people who genuinely cares for him.
Alien Hand Syndrome is a rare neurological disorder that causes hand movement without the person being aware of what is happening or having control over the affected hand. The patient may sometimes reach for objects and handle them without wanting to do so. It even comes to a point of having to use the controllable hand to restrain the alien hand. The condition is seen in cases where a person has had the two sides of their brain was surgically separated, a procedure sometimes used to relieve the symptoms of extreme cases of epilepsy. It also occurs in some cases after brain surgery, stroke, infection, tumor, aneurysm and specific degenerative brain conditions such as Alzheimer’s disease and Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease.
Proteus Syndrome or also known as Wiedemann syndrome is an extremely rare congenital disorder that causes an overgrowth of skin, bones, muscles, fatty tissues, and blood and lymphatic vessels. It is often accompanied by tumors over half the body. Only a few more than 200 cases have been confirmed worldwide, with estimates that about 120 people are currently alive with the condition. Those most readily diagnosed are also the most severely disfigured. Proteus syndrome is also named after the Greek sea-god Proteus, who could change his shape.