Blaschko’s lines or Lines of Blaschko are lines of normal cell development in the skin. Under normal conditions, these lines are invisible. They become visible when some diseases of the skin manifest themselves according to these patterns. They follow a “V” shape over the back, “S” shaped whirls over the chest, and sides, and wavy shapes on the head. The lines can be observed in other animals such as cats and dogs.
According to a report, an 87-year-old Swiss woman sought medical help when she developed painful spasms in her chest shortly after eating. Because of this, the elderly woman lost 11 pounds in the past several months because of difficulty eating. Her doctors performed an endoscopy and found that every time she swallowed, her esophagus twisted like a corkscrew. Although the condition is unusual, it has been encountered before. Another elderly woman aged 89-years-old, who complained of difficulty swallowing, abdominal pain and frequent belching, also turned out to have her esophagus twisting into a corkscrew when she swallowed, according to a 2003 case report in the same journal.
Visual release hallucinations or Charles Bonnet Syndrome is described as the experience of complex visual hallucinations in a person with partial or severe blindness. One characteristic of these hallucinations is that they are usually “lilliputian” (characters or objects are smaller than normal). The most common hallucination is of faces or cartoons. Patients affected are mentally healthy people and understand that the hallucinations are not real. The hallucinations are only visual and do not occur in any other senses.
It’s not everyday that you see a man having an ice bath and doesn’t seem to get cold at all. This Dutch man named Wim Hof is a daredevil. He is commonly nicknamed “The Iceman” for his ability to withstand extreme cold. The Iceman holds 20 world records including a world record for longest ice bath. He describes his ability as being able to “turn his own thermostat up” through breathing exercises. Although this may not be an illness, it’s very rare for a human being to be able to do this. And please don’t try this at home.
You’ve probably seen a person with this disorder. Their skin is extremely pale or white and hair is also almost white too. Their eye color is either very light or red. The condition is due to lack of pigments. They may loo different but albinism itself does not cause mortality, although the lack of pigment blocking UV radiation increases the risk of skin cancers and other problems.